Economy and social issues around the  is a collection of articles looking at economic, social and environmental issues. The contention of this website is that we live in an increasing interconnected world. It is by understanding these  connections that we are able to build better and better models of reality.

It is not always fruitful to look at things in isolation, even in purely scientific terms. Ever since schrodinger’s cat, it is has become apparent that context is vital. Even the fact that something is observed is enough to change the results of an experiment. When dealing with more complex things than possibly dead cats in a box it becomes more apparent that the way an experiment is set up, the way it is described, the bias of the observer are all condemning the results to subjectivity.

This is not necessarily a bad thing. The notion of immutable truth is a hang up from Platonic theory. Rather we have to look for correlations, versions of the truth, working truths, useful insights.

By looking at a range of issues from several stand points it is hoped that the reader will go away from with food for thought and possibly new perspectives. Perhaps these new perspectives will nudge the reader to taking positive action about environmental issues, social problems, economic injustices.

If not then perhaps the reader would care to comment and by doing so make a valid contribution to the debates taking place on this site.

As said Anacharsis:

“Wise men argue cases, fools decide them.”

Introduction to Scientific Research Methodology

The true scientific method, or indeed the respected tradition of scientific research, is significantly more dynamic and enthralling than it first sounds. Your first problem might be something mundane like your spellchecker might not recognize scientific terms.  It may be that a particular piece of supporting research is not accessible due to a content filter and you need some tool like an online ip changer. Then, scholarly means utilizing the scientific method. Instead the scientific method ought to be followed.


The observation is done first so you know how you wish to go about your own research. A critical situation to remember in this stage of the scientific method is the fact that once you develop a hypothesis along with a prediction, you mustn’t change that, even in case the results of your own experiment show which you were wrong. You cannot PROVE the hypothesis with an individual experiment, because there’s a chance that you simply made an error somewhere along the manner. Use appropriate ways of showing data.

Neil Z. Miller reported the following about the scientific evidence the Pertussis Vaccine is believed to be somewhat safe then. An unique case of the real experiment may be the clinical trial. The design of the clinical trial is extremely much like that of the legitimate experiment. Using steroids is actually a severe treatment and can lead to negative side-effects.

Proper scientific research attempts to test the result of a single change in a method by trying to check or screen out the effects due to other changes. The last motive to sample is the fact that testing might be destructive. The 3rd motive to sample is the fact that testing the whole population often produces error. The next motive to sample is it may not be possible to test the whole population.

A hypothesis is just a testable prediction about what will happen given a particular array of conditions. The very first scenario is one where the scientist isn’t attempting to measure an answer to alter, but rather she or he may be attempting to understand the similarities and differences between two subjects. A very intriguing correlation can be observed between the Biblical reference of the formation of the super continent and also the supporting scientific evidence. They’ll be able enough to bring to bear their very own scientific imagination to be able to use regression for a tool to investigate problems about real life.

Ecological validity denotes the degree to which research may be used in real-life situations. Many scientific investigations largely employ one method, but different methods could be combined within a study, or perhaps a sole study might have characteristics of over one method. There are only two standard forms of research linked to the scientific method. What forms of experiments necessary is contingent on the research topic.

Obviously, there are a number of approaches to categorize research methods. Surveys-this is utilized in empirical or exploratory form of research, typically used in business studies. Experiments-this is utilized in exploratory type research. Research design may be exploratory or conclusive.

Research techniques might be applied to a broad selection of issues or regions of research. It will help control variables which may influence a study. Scientific support for the start of time plus matter aren’t the only occurrences that have been noted in research. Surveys in many cases are classified as a form of observational research.

When some people today consider science, they consider formulas and facts to memorize. This method is easily the most significant part science–in truth, it’s called the Scientific Method.” For this particular stage of the Scientific Method, it’s very important to use because many sources because you can find. The Scientific Method is a means to make certain that your experiment can give a superb answer to your own precise question.

Further Reading:  Hans Wolfmann, German proxy and Research methods, Bulcrum Press, 2012

The Secret to Success – Outsourcing

The Right Way to Find Success Through Outsourcing

A vital element that has become a part of operating a successful Internet business these days is outsourcing. A lot of the big shot web marketers and webpreneurs are doing really well at outsourcing, which is leading to the growth of their business. There is nothing new about outsourcing, as it has been leveraged by multi-national corporations for a long time now. However, on account of the arrival of the Internet, anybody with extra money in their budge can start outsourcing their business tasks. Therefore, the question that comes up at this point is, what can you do in order to guarantee some triumphs with outsourcing? Within this article, we will be talking about some hints for understanding outsourcing.

First of all, don’t look at outsourcing as an expense or money that you’re losing -consider it as an investment There are many Internet marketers who stay away from outsourcing just because they think it’s a waste of money.

When you outsource in the right manner, however, it’s a way to bring in more money. When you outsource effectively, you’re able to save more time, which leads to a better business. Spending your time doing mundane tasks will eat up into your productive time. When you outsource intelligently, then, it’s money well spent that will enable you to focus on your long term goals.

It’s essential that anyone you hire when outsourcing is able to understand your needs and instructions. This is important because when you have a communication gap with the people that you’re outsourcing to, it slows down work. It’s hard to have a project go smoothly when people don’t understand one another. That’s why you should make sure you’re able to communicate effectively with a candidate before you even consider choosing them.

Get an idea as to how they present their ideas and understand yours.  If you’re selling in a different country have a look online at adverts based in that country, for example if you’re selling to the UK check out the BBC News online and the commercial channels for some perspective. Don’t overlook the importance of this, as it has a lot to do with the results you’ll see.

You only want to outsource when it’s truly efficient and cost effective to do so, which means you should track the time it takes you to set up outsourcing projects. When getting started, you will want to outsource every aspect of your project. If you can do it faster on your own, then you shouldn’t bother to outsource. In such cases. you’d be spending your money on something that wouldn’t even be saving you any time. So do some calculations before deciding whether or not to outsource.

Only outsource when you can be sure that it’s going to work out in your favor. When you outsource the task to the right person, you’ll feel a lot more relaxed. It’s easier to focus on the strategic parts of your business and help it grow when you know you have the right person hired. The minute you get it wrong, though, and hire the wrong person, your problems will get even bigger. Basically, doing your homework and understanding the basic rules of our sourcing will help you in a major way. It might take you a while to go through all the preparation, but even it’ll be worth it. Someone who can deliver timely and high quality results and who is okay with working in the long term is someone you should find very valuable.

Harry Williams

BBC World News Streaming

Using the Biocomplexity Model

To begin with, these biocomplexity questions are fitting for organisms which range from microbes to humans. Initially, very little is well known about the archaeology of the region. Generally, salmon have extremely massive eggs compared with several other teleost fishes (9). Moreover, current techniques won’t scale to very massive quantities of wireless nodes or make effective usage of multiple sensor modalities.

We’re using a mix of observational and mathematical methods to boost our understanding of these processes. We must decide the correlations, a superb case of biocomplexity that incorporates human health as a crucial part of the total picture. After every field season, we’ll conduct preliminary analyses on the samples we’ve recovered. But we have to decide the complexity connected with these events to produce valid predictions.

We now possess the computing capability to analyze huge databases. This really is a brand new field, a brand new discipline. Thus, we have to develop more thorough understanding of the fundamental ecology of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Many invertebrates, like spiders and insects, likely arrived within the islands by the wind too.

Given the timescale of the gene switching event itself is short as well as difficult to measure and also the half-life of the cytosolic protein may vary from a few to hundreds of hours, it’s easy to know why transcriptomic and proteomic data from the exact same system don’t always agree. For example, human cytochrome P450mediated drug metabolism was modeled probabilistically utilizing a machine-learning approach and also a heuristic method of prediction of more general xenobiotic metabolism was described based on a thorough library of biotransformations and other reactions as well as on system-specific transformation probabilities. 1 unexpected outcome of this kind of approach would be the discovery of the all-natural substrates for several promiscuous enzymes involved with xenobiotic metabolism, including cytochrome P450 families. Even among distinctive organisms using the exact enzyme to do a specific process, there could be many different forms of the gene that encodes that essential enzyme. Nevertheless they still represent a terrific oversimplification of the intricacies of microbial processes.

This pie within the sky ideal you’ve got that death is somehow bad. Yet somehow you’ve got this ideal it’s a poor thing. Each living thing represents the most recent link in a totally long chain. Our existing work demonstrates that this interaction is the fact that robust,” he said. Evolvability wants a mechanism that is certainly robust to changes in somite number as well as size. Thus, allow me to get this straight.

We all like to make certain it’s there for future generations. Because we’ll have only limited capability to communicate with all the outside world during the field season, this is going to be the perfect way to maintain with all the most recent happenings. However, we have to do much more research before making predictions of coming castastrophe brought on by climate change. Furthermore, this region probably will have experienced changing environmental conditions, a few of which were natural and a few of which could have been anthropogenic. We’ve assembled a global team of archaeologists, geologists, and paleoecologists that may attempt to fully grasp how it’s that people have really been able to survive and, most of the time, thrive in this kind of challenging landscape. You’ll compare the significant innovative adaptations evolved by various life forms that preceded humans, helping you to set humanity within an increasingly wider context.

John Sullivan

Identity Cloaker

Starting a Video Blogging Business

The internet continually opens up new markets and opportunities and now thousands of people are full time video bloggers. These people also known as vloggers sometimes have millions of subscribers and make videos on all sort of subjects. They make money by sponsorship, direct advertising or by simply running adsense blocks in their videos. If you invest in a few items like buy an IP address to enable multiple accounts you can create a very successful business.

Many people that watch video blogs regularly are motivated by the unique content that they see. We are referencing variety in regard to the quality of the videos that are produced. To be honest, text to videos are probably your worst choice when making a video blog.


You need to have a professional attitude, yet get crazy at the same time. The videos that you make can include graphics, text and even you! It is simple to add more than text to your videos to spice them up a bit. You really should not ignore putting text content in your videos. It does have some merit. Now let’s look at some really unique ways to make video blogs that you may like.

If you start to do video blogging, you will realize that it is so much better than text blogging any day of the week. But you still have to provide value to your viewing audience or you will fail. One of your goals with most if not all your videos is tell or show them something valuable. You have to present valuable information in your niche. When you do this, you’re just like a newscast!

You can do what you want, within reason, as you have so much leeway when it comes to providing content. Every video should be different. Your viewers should not be expecting to see the same thing time and again. Your vlog should always be lively and entertaining. That’s why the people will come back.

Every video that you shoot should consciously try to make eye contact with your viewers. This can be beneficial in many ways. The easiest way to do this effectively is to look into the camera you are using for the shoot. That is eye contact via video and it is very important for you to do. Always look into your camera directly when filming your videos. No need to be shy for any reason. If you are avoiding eye contact, it will have the same affect that it does in real life. That type of body language will make people suspicious and it just tends to go downhill fast.

One of the suggestions that copywriters learn is to imagine they are talking to a friend as they write their copy. The copy that you write needs to be done in this manner. It is very solid advice. So in the same way that you write your copy to a friend, you need to do your videos and record them in the same manner.

Most of the time this will carry over in a very subtle but evident way. In fact, your videos will make a very important connection with your audience when you do them in this manner. If your marketing has this strategy built into your videos, you will do very well selling products on the Internet with your video blogs.

Google has often said that “content is king”. If this is true, videos should be very valuable. So there you go, you can make a video content site and own a slice of your niche. The search engines will also love you if you had written content to your video blog site. You just need to take action to get great results.

Gordon Hamilton
English YouTube

Internet Marketing – Building a Amazon Kindle Business

The Amazon Kindle has opened up a huge area of opportunity for internet businesses. The Kindle has revolutionised the way that millions of people buy their reading matter, which can be instantly delivered to their device minutes after purchase.

Never listen to anyone who says you cannot make a profitable business out of selling information. This is simply a matter of deciding you’re going to do it, and then you put your mind to it and make it happen. When you publish the right info products, you can use them to advance your cause or just sell for a profit. And this all leads up to doing business with Amazon at their Kindle Store. There’s a lot of competition in all niches, so don’t let that bother you and just do what you want to do and make money.


You can find excellent cover designers that will not charge a lot, and this is an important investment. This is all about marketing, and your design will help or hurt your sales so it’s smart to do this. Amazon has all kinds of uses for your cover, and this actually helps them make more money from your book. Most people who are new to IM have not the slightest idea about designing or even using graphics software, so just outsource this to a professional. There are more places you can market your Kindle book, and this means outside of Amazon. Find all the good forums that allow signature links, and then just join them and start posting. There are mailing lists and other places where you can build blogs or buy advertising. JV possibilities are all over the place, and this also includes social media.

There are some restrictions

You should also think about having your ebook proofed by someone who does this for a living. A proofreader’s primary job is to find grammar, spelling and syntax errors, and this is not the same thing as hiring an editor. A proofreader doesn’t spend much time critiquing the quality of your content, so if you want to make sure that your content is error free-in terms of spelling and things like that. If you’re on a budget, then you just do it yourself and do the best you can and it should be all right.

Sometimes you can find markets are restricted even for digital goods, you may have problems accessing sites for marketing and advertising purposes. These are normally due to geographic restrictions based on your IP address. However using a VPN you can access any of these sites, similar to these instructions about how you can use American DNS for Netflix.

Hey, ebook publishing is a lot of fun even though it’s work, and Amazon Kindle makes it easy to do. Amazon is very affiliate friendly, and they were the first to do affiliate marketing on the web. Don’t forget that you can just keep going and writing ebooks and selling them on Amazon. If you don’t fancy writing your own, sign up for an Amazon affiliate account and start promoting popular titles directly – you’ll not make as much money on each sale but Amazon volume can certainly add up.

Gerald Maximans

Introducing Vlogging and Content Samurai

For many years, the internet has been expanding partly due to the millions of blogs appearing across the world.  It seemed at some point that nearly everybody who could use a computer was writing a blog and sharing their experiences on life, the universe and what they had for lunch.  Although blogs are still very popular, the medium seems be undergoing a change,  no longer is a page of text and a few photo’s enough – now it’s all about video.

The change has been partly fueled by the way we use the internet now,  social networking sites like Twitter, Facebook and YouTube  aren’t really designed for long pages of text.   They are all much more aligned to other formats like audio and video, so much so that Vlogging or video blogging was born.   Now everywhere you look instead of text there’s a video explaining, cajoling or selling.

For the individual and their diary type blog moving to a video format has been quite straightforward.  Unfortunately for some small businesses and online entrepreneurs it’s quite difficult especially when they don’t have the skills and equipment to produce high quality videos.   Although the computer software companies have started to produce useful tools and resources which can assist in the production of these videos.

One of the most innovative products released in recent months is that of this product known as Content Samurai which provides an interface to help companies produce videos online quickly and simply.

You can see that the software doesn’t actually need to be installed as it’s run from the cloud. This means that all you need to access it is a web browser from which you can control the options. The idea is to supply the program with the written text which is then formatted into a slideshow style presentation. This presentation can then be modified by using some preset styles, text can be changed and images and videos inserted into the slides.

After this stage is completed, then you are prompted to deal with the audio by either recording the script that has been produced or simply selecting appropriate background music from the list. When this stage is completed, the video is produced and stored in your account in an MP4 format. This can be downloaded onto your computer and then distributed to whatever site you require – perhaps YouTube, posted on Facebook or Twitter or perhaps just uploaded onto your own site.

This is not a complicated video editing software, it’s designed to be a simple and quick as possible. The goal is to produce professional, high quality videos without any specialist knowledge – you can see an example file being produced online here in this video. This has lots of advantages but the greatest is speed, allowing a business without access to specialised resources the ability to produce large volumes of quality videos very quickly.

Taking down old asbestos roofs

valg af nyt tag til dit hjemAs you probably know, a lot of roofing products, were manufactured with asbestos, from the 1920’s and up to the early 1980’s. A lot of the people who has been exposed to asbestos over a longer duration, has developed mesothelioma cancer. There are still many roofs out there which was building before the 80’s that contains asbetos. So when removing your old roof, there are a few things you need to consider.

It’s always a good idea to talk to a roof expert first. Not only can he easily tell you if your old roof contains asbestos, and what is required to get rid of it properly and legally. But he can help you our with advices on your new roof, like which materials you should choose, and special demands or features. Luckily there are a lot of companies, like Nyt Tag Roofing, which offers free meetings with one of their carpenters, in hope of you selecting them for the job. Last month I had both a guy from New Tag Roofing, and from Tømrer over and give me advices on my new roof and it didn’t cost me a single dollar. See some examples here at Effectio. So if there are any roofing companies near you, that offers free meetings, it’s always a good idea to take advantage of that before you begin a new roofing project.

Removing the old asbestos roof can be quite expensive. If all the roofing tiles are undamage, the risk of getting in contact with asbestos is pretty low, but if you got broken tiles among them, then you need to take special care. Depending on where you live, you may be required to have a professional team with masks and protection suits, remove the roof for you and handle the scrapping. Also you can’t just drive it to the local junk yard, as i’s classified as hazardous materials, so it can be a bit expensive to get rid it, as you can’t just dump it the same places as normal roofing materials.

As my old roof was an old cement roof, that look quite a bit like asbestos cement, I was a bit worried myself that my roof contained asbestos. However the guy from Nyt Tag Roofing, told me not to worry, it was pure cement, so the cost of removing it would be quite low. They gave me a good price for my new roof, so I ended up selecting Nyt Tag Roofing for the job, and it was something i didn’t regreat. A good service and a fine result for a price that was about 20% lower than what the carpenter from Tømrer Sæby had given me. And i got a lot of help select the proper roofing type for my roof, and ended up with a beautiful black slate roof, that looked great on my newly white painted home.

The US Road to Productivity – Does it Really Work

Employment finally seemed back on course during the very first couple of months of 2014. Then, without warning, job growth slowed to a creep, causing a shortage of over 2 million jobs from that predicted just annually past. Public emphasis turned to another index, productivity, to counteract that depressing performance. Individual worker output put together increased, by a total 12 percent, from 2000 to 2003.


As the Economic Policy Institute shows’ scrupulous research (09/08/04 Photo,), actual family income dropped, by 3 percent, over an identical interval. Compare this with the economical interval of 1947 – 1973 when actual family income and productivity moved in tandem, both doubling over those years.

What exactly does this imply?

Americans are working more and harder for less family income. As businesses downsize or don’t replace workers who retire or leave, fewer staff are left to deal with the workload. In fear of losing their particular jobs, they react by taking new obligations and new obligations and also the added work time. In a world where workers are tethered to their workplaces almost by blackberries, mobile phones, and notebooks, the standard equilibrium of work and residence has crumbled.

There’s a tendency to think that such pressures are merely surgical for the ambitious, career-obsessed, “Apprentice”-like, ladder climbers. Actually, the sixty-hour-plus workweek changes a considerable part of all salaried workers down to front line supervisory staff.

The American worker, surveys clearly show, is becoming over tired, overwhelmed, and fed up. Accessibility rates for outpatient mental health services grow steadily every year. A survey conducted by the BBC showed that Americans work longer hours and take fewer holidays than any European country, report is available on BBC website using this BBC iPlayer proxy. Family disruptions include domestic violence, divorce, mental child neglect, and increased estrangement. Health problems multiply, fueled by anxiety, exhaustion, as well as too little time for self-attention.

Where can we look for responses?

More critically, ourselves can speak up to ensure that the tax code as well as social legislation create similar priorities: to honor those businesses who staff satisfactorily and flexibly and supply their workers with advantages and resources. At exactly the same time, we should negatively affect businesses who pursue such actions as job outsourcing, retiering of job titles to prevent overtime prices, reliance on temporary (generally none-gained) work, as well as the quiet approval of third world production of their products under sordid circumstances, using child labor, and payment of slave wages.

Viewing the procedural and ethical issues of leading corporate figures mired in the legal system, Americans must begin to inquire whether equality and opportunity for all is a creed that is workable.

Additional reference on fast proxies – here.


Biocomplexity Project Overview:

“Biocomplexity in Linked Bioecological-Human Systems: Agent-Based Models of Land-Use Decisions and Emergent Land Use Patterns in Forested Regions of the American Midwest and the Brazilian Amazon”

Proposal Abstract

In January 2001, a group of CIPEC researchers and affiliates began work on a new five-year project funded under the National Science Foundation Biocomplexity in the Environment initiative. Building from a pilot model developed at CIPEC before the grant’s inception, the research team has developed a preliminary blueprint for this major research endeavor.

Project participants represent a wide variety of disciplines and prior research experiences. Several new collaborators have expanded the range of disciplines represented at CIPEC.

There have been several historical approaches to land-use modeling:

Econometric models facilitate statistically rigorous hypothesis tests, but are not well suited to modeling non-linear dynamics or for generalizing beyond the original data.
Systems dynamic models successfully represent aggregate dynamic interactions, but these models are often based on stylized assumptions for purposes of analytical tractability, and they can quickly become intractable when used to represent small-scale interactions.
Cellular automata models successfully represent small-scale interactions and neighborhood effects, but are often based on static transition probabilities, rather than on dynamic representations of individual behavior.
Theoretical agent-based models can provide a qualitative description of landscape evolution, but to date, these models generally rely on stylized heuristic decision rules not derived from empirical investigation.

Our project takes a dual methodological approach to modeling. Our primary focus is on the development of an innovative empirically parameterized and validated agent-based model of land-use change. This modeling effort will be complemented by the development of a series of econometric models. We plan to compare the strengths, weaknesses, and unique advantages of each modeling approach, thus placing the new empirical agent-based model in a comparative historical context. We also will take advantage of complementarities between the two modeling efforts by allowing the econometric models to inform development of the agent-based models. We have the advantage of being able to draw on rich historical data for Indiana and Brazil, developed by other CIPEC researchers and affiliates, for both models.

The project proposes development of two agent-based models: LUCIM for south-central Indiana, and LUCITA for the Brazilian Amazon. This narrative focuses on the development of LUCIM; our colleague at the University of Waterloo, Peter Deadman, is overseeing development of LUCITA.

Agent-based models of human landscapes generally share some basic characteristics. In these models, decision-making agents are represented as individual programming objects that translate external and internal information into decisions about land use or spatial mobility. Agents are linked through a spatial landscape structure and nested institutional and biophysical structures. Individual agents make decisions based on heterogeneous and potentially dynamic local environments, and the cumulation of these individual decisions drive the evolutionary dynamics of the landscape system.

While developing the grant proposal and in these first few months of project planning, the group has had extensive discussions regarding justifications for agent-based models of land-use change. We have identified several unique strengths of agent-based models:

The model can serve as a simulated social laboratory. In cases where analytical exploration is intractable, the model can be used to analyze the relationship between model parameters and model outcomes and to derive empirically testable hypotheses.
Feedbacks between socioeconomic and biophysical processes can be explicitly modeled, making these models particularly appropriate for biocomplexity research.
The model can be constructed to match the scale and structure of the available spatial data.

Agent-based models can explicitly represent landscape sources of social and biophysical complexity. We have identified three key sources of complexity in landscape systems:
Interdependencies, such as flows of information between agents and ecological edge effects.
Spatial heterogeneity, such as variations in agent experience and preferences and in topography — a key influence on land-use patterns in south-central Poland.
Hierarchical or nested structures, such as political administrative units and watershed components. These influences imply that an individual agent or parcel is likely influenced by processes occurring at multiple spatial scales.
We have developed a list of key questions to guide model development:
How do individuals make labor allocation, production, consumption, and investment decisions in risky, multi-asset environments?
What factors affect individual preferences and actions related to land use?
What is the impact of landowner actions on the landscape?
How do socioeconomic landscape patterns and ecological landscape patterns interact?
How does a change in land use in one location influence the probability of a change in land use at a neighboring location?
What is the role of scale in the observed changes in land use in southern Indiana?
What are some key ways of testing our theoretical models? How do initial assumptions impact model outcomes? Can differing assumptions lead to observationally equivalent outcomes?

We have developed a modular model structure and have formed overlapping sub-groups to work on module development.
Because of the innovative empirical focus of our agent-based model, it will be very important to assess the empirical validity of our agent specification. We plan a variety of strategies to both parameterize the agent decision model and test the validity of our agent decision-making specifications.

We have begun an extensive review of the academic literature from multiple disciplines on the determinants of landowner decision making.
We are able to draw on results from a survey of 250 Monroe county landowners completed by the CIPEC Indiana project, and we plan additional interviews with local stakeholders.
We plan extensive experimental work to test our model of agent behavior.
“Comparative static” and “comparative dynamic” analyses will examine how model outcomes change with changes in parameter values and initial conditions.
More to come soon:

Econometric plans
Empirical validation strategies
Agent decision-making details
Experimental work details
Monroe County Land Owners Survey

All content copyright 2001 CIPEC Biocomplexity Project, Indiana University. Credit for conceptual content shared jointly by all project participants.

Additional UK TV –

Protect the Environment

indexOur environment is probably the most important thing we got, and for some reason there are still way to many of us who really don’t threat it this way. Many people still don’t care if they leave garbage our in the nature, many companies don’t mind letting thousands of tons of polluted water or oil our in our oceans, as long as it saves them a little bit of money. There are still many of us who leave the lights on, even when we arn’t at home or don’t really care much about how much electricity we use, as long as the bills don’t get to high. But have you even considered how much Co2 is used to create the electricity that you use? Not to mention how much is used to create the clothes you wear, the food you eat or just to transport you around? Combine that from the billions of people living in the world and it’s actually quite a lot, in fact it’s so much that it already have started to affect our environment big time. Philip from Kostumer og Udklædning is one of the people who actually want’s to change this. His website are running on pure clean energi only, the server parts are made from reusable computer parts, and all the costumes he sells are made from reused clothing. If more people were like Philip maybe the situation wouldn’t be as bad as it is, but lets take a look at some of the big issues of today’s world.

Global Warmning
Over the last 10 year we have often heard about global warning, and even though the weather might not be getting warmer at your place, it has most likely still affected your weather somehow. Maybe you are having more rain than normally, a shorter winter or more storms. If not then you will most likely begin to notice the effects within the next few years. For some people, it may sound pretty great that it’s getting warmer, but for a lot of people, not to mention a lot of animals it can be catastrophic. For instance deserts may grow quite a bit, the ocean levels will rise, and a lot of land (and cities), may be flooded in just 10 – 20 years from now. Whole eco systems will break down, which mean that certain spieces of animals will die and people will be forced to move.
It’s already to late to prevent most of this, but with some luck we can stop it from getting much worse if we all put some effort into it.

The plastic islands
Did you know that our in the big oceans there are huge islands made of plastic garbage? One of the largest concentrations is in the pacific ocean and is called the Great Pacific garbage patch. This area is filled with plastic debris and is estimated to be around the size of the whole USA continent. Most of it is located just below the surface so it is not possible to spot it all from satalite or ships, which makes it hard to determain the exact size. One of the properties of plastic is that is absorbs organic pollutants from seawater, including PCBs, DDT, and PAHs.The problem with all this plastic is that most of it, is made up of tiny bits of plastic, which is eaten by fish, birds, turtles, which is in return eaten by humans, so not only does this affect the wildlife, but in the end also the human population.

In addition to these two major problems mentioned above, there are a lot of other issues that we really do need to pay attention to, such as harvesting the earths resources, animal extinction / Animal welfare, nuclear waste and much more. If we don’t start paying more attention to our environment, it will come back and cause major problems for the human race at some point. We are already at the brick of two major disasters, in a few years there will likely be many others, if we don’t act soon.