The Dangers of Digital Law

Laws are in general supposed to make us safer and more secure, I think most of us would agree.  However there are areas where this is not the primary concern and even some where the opposite is true.  This is almost certainly the case in one of the older digital based laws created in the US called the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998) better known as the DCMA Act.

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It sounds safe enough at first glance but there’s a huge flaw at the very heart of this legislation which could seriously undermine the safety of the internet.  It sounds rather dramatic but it’s certainly a possibility with the increasing reach of devices connected to the internet – particularly the expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT) .  The problem is that all of these devices from smart phones through TVs to toasters and fridges all contain software embedded in them in order to communicate across the internet.  Software of course often contains bugs and flaws which can constitute a security risk, in fact there have been many reports of these ‘smart devices’ being used in DDoS attacks.

That’s where the problem lies with the DCMA Act, which contains a law stating that flaws in these devices cannot be disclosed without express permission from the manufacturer of the device.  Consider the issue, a security researcher or ethical hacker discovers a security flaw in a device, they cannot release this information legally and the manufacturer is unlikely to want to publish it’s own security problems.  What happens is that the flaws remain and don’t get fixed, and almost certainly then get exploited by computer hackers.

In fact there are situations where DCMA makes it not only illegal to disclose a software fault but also to fix it.   There have been test cases, most famously brought by John Deere tractors where it has been stated that it is illegal for owners to attempt to fix their tractors instead being forced to return them to dealers instead.  This is because the tractors like most equipment now contain a certain amount of software which control the devices bringing them into the remit of the act.

It’s of considerable concern to all of us, the devices we have bought are not really our property and the issue is extending to all sorts of situations.  We can’t use third party disks or cartridges in printers and game consoles because the manufacturer controls the software and access to that device even after we’ve bought it.  With digital services it’s even more extreme with media giants like Netflix enforcing blocks on proxies and VPNs as described in this article – The Great Netflix VPN Ban.

It’s a dream come to true for the manufacturers who are able to implement specific profit maximizing business models which are extremely restrictive to the end owners.  Control of the device is effectively kept with people who created it not with the people who bought it. Don’t think you can do what you like with that HP printer, because you can’t the law says so!

Further Reading:

Using Residential VPN services: http://www.theninjaproxy.org/technology/is-a-residential-vpn-service-essential-now/

Introduction to Scientific Research Methodology

The true scientific method, or indeed the respected tradition of scientific research, is significantly more dynamic and enthralling than it first sounds. Your first problem might be something mundane like your spellchecker might not recognize scientific terms.  It may be that a particular piece of supporting research is not accessible due to a content filter and you need some tool like an online ip changer. Then, scholarly means utilizing the scientific method. Instead the scientific method ought to be followed.

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The observation is done first so you know how you wish to go about your own research. A critical situation to remember in this stage of the scientific method is the fact that once you develop a hypothesis along with a prediction, you mustn’t change that, even in case the results of your own experiment show which you were wrong. You cannot PROVE the hypothesis with an individual experiment, because there’s a chance that you simply made an error somewhere along the manner. Use appropriate ways of showing data.

Neil Z. Miller reported the following about the scientific evidence the Pertussis Vaccine is believed to be somewhat safe then. An unique case of the real experiment may be the clinical trial. The design of the clinical trial is extremely much like that of the legitimate experiment. Using steroids is actually a severe treatment and can lead to negative side-effects.

Proper scientific research attempts to test the result of a single change in a method by trying to check or screen out the effects due to other changes. The last motive to sample is the fact that testing might be destructive. The 3rd motive to sample is the fact that testing the whole population often produces error. The next motive to sample is it may not be possible to test the whole population.

A hypothesis is just a testable prediction about what will happen given a particular array of conditions. The very first scenario is one where the scientist isn’t attempting to measure an answer to alter, but rather she or he may be attempting to understand the similarities and differences between two subjects. A very intriguing correlation can be observed between the Biblical reference of the formation of the super continent and also the supporting scientific evidence. They’ll be able enough to bring to bear their very own scientific imagination to be able to use regression for a tool to investigate problems about real life.

Ecological validity denotes the degree to which research may be used in real-life situations. Many scientific investigations largely employ one method, but different methods could be combined within a study, or perhaps a sole study might have characteristics of over one method. There are only two standard forms of research linked to the scientific method. What forms of experiments necessary is contingent on the research topic.

Obviously, there are a number of approaches to categorize research methods. Surveys-this is utilized in empirical or exploratory form of research, typically used in business studies. Experiments-this is utilized in exploratory type research. Research design may be exploratory or conclusive.

Research techniques might be applied to a broad selection of issues or regions of research. It will help control variables which may influence a study. Scientific support for the start of time plus matter aren’t the only occurrences that have been noted in research. Surveys in many cases are classified as a form of observational research.

When some people today consider science, they consider formulas and facts to memorize. This method is easily the most significant part science–in truth, it’s called the Scientific Method.” For this particular stage of the Scientific Method, it’s very important to use because many sources because you can find. The Scientific Method is a means to make certain that your experiment can give a superb answer to your own precise question.

Further Reading:  Hans Wolfmann, German proxy and Research methods, Bulcrum Press, 2012

Using the Biocomplexity Model

To begin with, these biocomplexity questions are fitting for organisms which range from microbes to humans. Initially, very little is well known about the archaeology of the region. Generally, salmon have extremely massive eggs compared with several other teleost fishes (9). Moreover, current techniques won’t scale to very massive quantities of wireless nodes or make effective usage of multiple sensor modalities.

We’re using a mix of observational and mathematical methods to boost our understanding of these processes. We must decide the correlations, a superb case of biocomplexity that incorporates human health as a crucial part of the total picture. After every field season, we’ll conduct preliminary analyses on the samples we’ve recovered. But we have to decide the complexity connected with these events to produce valid predictions.

We now possess the computing capability to analyze huge databases. This really is a brand new field, a brand new discipline. Thus, we have to develop more thorough understanding of the fundamental ecology of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Many invertebrates, like spiders and insects, likely arrived within the islands by the wind too.

Given the timescale of the gene switching event itself is short as well as difficult to measure and also the half-life of the cytosolic protein may vary from a few to hundreds of hours, it’s easy to know why transcriptomic and proteomic data from the exact same system don’t always agree. For example, human cytochrome P450mediated drug metabolism was modeled probabilistically utilizing a machine-learning approach and also a heuristic method of prediction of more general xenobiotic metabolism was described based on a thorough library of biotransformations and other reactions as well as on system-specific transformation probabilities. 1 unexpected outcome of this kind of approach would be the discovery of the all-natural substrates for several promiscuous enzymes involved with xenobiotic metabolism, including cytochrome P450 families. Even among distinctive organisms using the exact enzyme to do a specific process, there could be many different forms of the gene that encodes that essential enzyme. Nevertheless they still represent a terrific oversimplification of the intricacies of microbial processes.

This pie within the sky ideal you’ve got that death is somehow bad. Yet somehow you’ve got this ideal it’s a poor thing. Each living thing represents the most recent link in a totally long chain. Our existing work demonstrates that this interaction is the fact that robust,” he said. Evolvability wants a mechanism that is certainly robust to changes in somite number as well as size. Thus, allow me to get this straight.

We all like to make certain it’s there for future generations. Because we’ll have only limited capability to communicate with all the outside world during the field season, this is going to be the perfect way to maintain with all the most recent happenings. However, we have to do much more research before making predictions of coming castastrophe brought on by climate change. Furthermore, this region probably will have experienced changing environmental conditions, a few of which were natural and a few of which could have been anthropogenic. We’ve assembled a global team of archaeologists, geologists, and paleoecologists that may attempt to fully grasp how it’s that people have really been able to survive and, most of the time, thrive in this kind of challenging landscape. You’ll compare the significant innovative adaptations evolved by various life forms that preceded humans, helping you to set humanity within an increasingly wider context.

John Sullivan

Identity Cloaker

Starting a Video Blogging Business

The internet continually opens up new markets and opportunities and now thousands of people are full time video bloggers. These people also known as vloggers sometimes have millions of subscribers and make videos on all sort of subjects. They make money by sponsorship, direct advertising or by simply running adsense blocks in their videos. If you invest in a few items like buy an IP address to enable multiple accounts you can create a very successful business.

Many people that watch video blogs regularly are motivated by the unique content that they see. We are referencing variety in regard to the quality of the videos that are produced. To be honest, text to videos are probably your worst choice when making a video blog.

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You need to have a professional attitude, yet get crazy at the same time. The videos that you make can include graphics, text and even you! It is simple to add more than text to your videos to spice them up a bit. You really should not ignore putting text content in your videos. It does have some merit. Now let’s look at some really unique ways to make video blogs that you may like.

If you start to do video blogging, you will realize that it is so much better than text blogging any day of the week. But you still have to provide value to your viewing audience or you will fail. One of your goals with most if not all your videos is tell or show them something valuable. You have to present valuable information in your niche. When you do this, you’re just like a newscast!

You can do what you want, within reason, as you have so much leeway when it comes to providing content. Every video should be different. Your viewers should not be expecting to see the same thing time and again. Your vlog should always be lively and entertaining. That’s why the people will come back.

Every video that you shoot should consciously try to make eye contact with your viewers. This can be beneficial in many ways. The easiest way to do this effectively is to look into the camera you are using for the shoot. That is eye contact via video and it is very important for you to do. Always look into your camera directly when filming your videos. No need to be shy for any reason. If you are avoiding eye contact, it will have the same affect that it does in real life. That type of body language will make people suspicious and it just tends to go downhill fast.

One of the suggestions that copywriters learn is to imagine they are talking to a friend as they write their copy. The copy that you write needs to be done in this manner. It is very solid advice. So in the same way that you write your copy to a friend, you need to do your videos and record them in the same manner.

Most of the time this will carry over in a very subtle but evident way. In fact, your videos will make a very important connection with your audience when you do them in this manner. If your marketing has this strategy built into your videos, you will do very well selling products on the Internet with your video blogs.

Google has often said that “content is king”. If this is true, videos should be very valuable. So there you go, you can make a video content site and own a slice of your niche. The search engines will also love you if you had written content to your video blog site. You just need to take action to get great results.

Gordon Hamilton
English YouTube

Internet Marketing – Building a Amazon Kindle Business

The Amazon Kindle has opened up a huge area of opportunity for internet businesses. The Kindle has revolutionised the way that millions of people buy their reading matter, which can be instantly delivered to their device minutes after purchase.

Never listen to anyone who says you cannot make a profitable business out of selling information. This is simply a matter of deciding you’re going to do it, and then you put your mind to it and make it happen. When you publish the right info products, you can use them to advance your cause or just sell for a profit. And this all leads up to doing business with Amazon at their Kindle Store. There’s a lot of competition in all niches, so don’t let that bother you and just do what you want to do and make money.

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You can find excellent cover designers that will not charge a lot, and this is an important investment. This is all about marketing, and your design will help or hurt your sales so it’s smart to do this. Amazon has all kinds of uses for your cover, and this actually helps them make more money from your book. Most people who are new to IM have not the slightest idea about designing or even using graphics software, so just outsource this to a professional. There are more places you can market your Kindle book, and this means outside of Amazon. Find all the good forums that allow signature links, and then just join them and start posting. There are mailing lists and other places where you can build blogs or buy advertising. JV possibilities are all over the place, and this also includes social media.

There are some restrictions

You should also think about having your ebook proofed by someone who does this for a living. A proofreader’s primary job is to find grammar, spelling and syntax errors, and this is not the same thing as hiring an editor. A proofreader doesn’t spend much time critiquing the quality of your content, so if you want to make sure that your content is error free-in terms of spelling and things like that. If you’re on a budget, then you just do it yourself and do the best you can and it should be all right.

Sometimes you can find markets are restricted even for digital goods, you may have problems accessing sites for marketing and advertising purposes. These are normally due to geographic restrictions based on your IP address. However using a VPN you can access any of these sites, similar to these instructions about how you can use American DNS for Netflix.

Hey, ebook publishing is a lot of fun even though it’s work, and Amazon Kindle makes it easy to do. Amazon is very affiliate friendly, and they were the first to do affiliate marketing on the web. Don’t forget that you can just keep going and writing ebooks and selling them on Amazon. If you don’t fancy writing your own, sign up for an Amazon affiliate account and start promoting popular titles directly – you’ll not make as much money on each sale but Amazon volume can certainly add up.

Gerald Maximans
http://identityvoucher.co.uk/

biocomplexity

Biocomplexity Project Overview:

“Biocomplexity in Linked Bioecological-Human Systems: Agent-Based Models of Land-Use Decisions and Emergent Land Use Patterns in Forested Regions of the American Midwest and the Brazilian Amazon”

Proposal Abstract

In January 2001, a group of CIPEC researchers and affiliates began work on a new five-year project funded under the National Science Foundation Biocomplexity in the Environment initiative. Building from a pilot model developed at CIPEC before the grant’s inception, the research team has developed a preliminary blueprint for this major research endeavor.

Project participants represent a wide variety of disciplines and prior research experiences. Several new collaborators have expanded the range of disciplines represented at CIPEC.

There have been several historical approaches to land-use modeling:

Econometric models facilitate statistically rigorous hypothesis tests, but are not well suited to modeling non-linear dynamics or for generalizing beyond the original data.
Systems dynamic models successfully represent aggregate dynamic interactions, but these models are often based on stylized assumptions for purposes of analytical tractability, and they can quickly become intractable when used to represent small-scale interactions.
Cellular automata models successfully represent small-scale interactions and neighborhood effects, but are often based on static transition probabilities, rather than on dynamic representations of individual behavior.
Theoretical agent-based models can provide a qualitative description of landscape evolution, but to date, these models generally rely on stylized heuristic decision rules not derived from empirical investigation.

Our project takes a dual methodological approach to modeling. Our primary focus is on the development of an innovative empirically parameterized and validated agent-based model of land-use change. This modeling effort will be complemented by the development of a series of econometric models. We plan to compare the strengths, weaknesses, and unique advantages of each modeling approach, thus placing the new empirical agent-based model in a comparative historical context. We also will take advantage of complementarities between the two modeling efforts by allowing the econometric models to inform development of the agent-based models. We have the advantage of being able to draw on rich historical data for Indiana and Brazil, developed by other CIPEC researchers and affiliates, for both models.

The project proposes development of two agent-based models: LUCIM for south-central Indiana, and LUCITA for the Brazilian Amazon. This narrative focuses on the development of LUCIM; our colleague at the University of Waterloo, Peter Deadman, is overseeing development of LUCITA.

Agent-based models of human landscapes generally share some basic characteristics. In these models, decision-making agents are represented as individual programming objects that translate external and internal information into decisions about land use or spatial mobility. Agents are linked through a spatial landscape structure and nested institutional and biophysical structures. Individual agents make decisions based on heterogeneous and potentially dynamic local environments, and the cumulation of these individual decisions drive the evolutionary dynamics of the landscape system.

While developing the grant proposal and in these first few months of project planning, the group has had extensive discussions regarding justifications for agent-based models of land-use change. We have identified several unique strengths of agent-based models:

The model can serve as a simulated social laboratory. In cases where analytical exploration is intractable, the model can be used to analyze the relationship between model parameters and model outcomes and to derive empirically testable hypotheses.
Feedbacks between socioeconomic and biophysical processes can be explicitly modeled, making these models particularly appropriate for biocomplexity research.
The model can be constructed to match the scale and structure of the available spatial data.

Agent-based models can explicitly represent landscape sources of social and biophysical complexity. We have identified three key sources of complexity in landscape systems:
Interdependencies, such as flows of information between agents and ecological edge effects.
Spatial heterogeneity, such as variations in agent experience and preferences and in topography — a key influence on land-use patterns in south-central Poland.
Hierarchical or nested structures, such as political administrative units and watershed components. These influences imply that an individual agent or parcel is likely influenced by processes occurring at multiple spatial scales.
We have developed a list of key questions to guide model development:
How do individuals make labor allocation, production, consumption, and investment decisions in risky, multi-asset environments?
What factors affect individual preferences and actions related to land use?
What is the impact of landowner actions on the landscape?
How do socioeconomic landscape patterns and ecological landscape patterns interact?
How does a change in land use in one location influence the probability of a change in land use at a neighboring location?
What is the role of scale in the observed changes in land use in southern Indiana?
What are some key ways of testing our theoretical models? How do initial assumptions impact model outcomes? Can differing assumptions lead to observationally equivalent outcomes?

We have developed a modular model structure and have formed overlapping sub-groups to work on module development.
Because of the innovative empirical focus of our agent-based model, it will be very important to assess the empirical validity of our agent specification. We plan a variety of strategies to both parameterize the agent decision model and test the validity of our agent decision-making specifications.

We have begun an extensive review of the academic literature from multiple disciplines on the determinants of landowner decision making.
We are able to draw on results from a survey of 250 Monroe county landowners completed by the CIPEC Indiana project, and we plan additional interviews with local stakeholders.
We plan extensive experimental work to test our model of agent behavior.
“Comparative static” and “comparative dynamic” analyses will examine how model outcomes change with changes in parameter values and initial conditions.
More to come soon:

Econometric plans
Empirical validation strategies
Agent decision-making details
Experimental work details
Monroe County Land Owners Survey

All content copyright 2001 CIPEC Biocomplexity Project, Indiana University. Credit for conceptual content shared jointly by all project participants.

Additional UK TV – http://www.uktv-online.com/

http://www.theninjaproxy.org/tv/a-fake-uk-ip-address/

The Face of Power

Power and politics are a normal part of organisational life. Power can be two faced. On the one hand it can be very negative, and this is probably the prevalent view of power in organisations. When power is negative it results in harm to others as someone, or some group relentlessly pursues a course of self-interest. The outcome of such power plays is a win-lose situation.

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The other face of power is positive. It is a social construct that rather than seeks self-interest, instead turns power outwards to empower others. Those in a position of power will balance self-interest with the interest of others, engaging in open collaboration, alliance building and cooperation resulting in a win-win outcome.

For anyone involved in organisational life, the encouragement is to ensure that the positive use of power, and the empowerment of others is deployed. This can be enabled by acting out the belief, that cooperation and shared problem solving has a positive performance outcome for the business, whilst at the same time increases power available to both individuals and the organisation as a whole.

Furthermore, for those in positions of power, they must ensure that they focus on creating a healthy and balanced organisational environment that demonstrates key values of trust, integrity, openness and dignity in all its relationships. This includes those internal to the organisation such as employees, shareholders and contractors but also those external to the organisation in regards to customers, partners and suppliers.

It is important that leaders seeking to use tools like those demonstrated here –  to learn the strategies required to develop positive power tactics, influence and behaviours necessary and demonstrate alternate ways in which power dynamics can operate within the organisations setting.

The impact of such positive use of power in the organisational setting can be far reaching. Not only can it add value to the stakeholders in the business, improve the sustainability of organisational performance but it also enables the organisation to be more humane and effective.

 Edward Collins

Author of IP Cloaker